Ja'far b. Ali

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Ja'far b. Ali
Martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Native nameجعفر بن علی بن أبی طالب
Full NameJa'far b. Ali
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
Wellknown RelativesImam Ali, Umm al-Banin (mother), Abbas b. Ali (brother)
Place(s) of ResidenceMedina
Cause of
Martyrdom in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceHoly Shrine of Imam Hussain, Karbala, Iraq
ActivitiesParticipating in the Battle of Karbala

Jaʿfar b. Ali b. Abi Talib was a son of Imam Ali and Umm al-Banin. He and his brothers Abbas, Abd Allah, and Uthman accompanied Imam Hussain in his journey from Mecca to Kufa and were finally martyred at the Battle of Karbala.

Lineage[edit | edit source]

His mother, the daughter of Hizam b. Khalid b. Rabi’a from the Arab tribe of Banu Kilab, was the mother of three more sons of Ali b. Abi Talib, and for this reason she became known as Umm al-Banin. Imam Ali named him Ja'far due to the great love he had for his brother Ja'far b. Abi Talib.[1]

According to some sources, Ja'far was 19 years old when he was martyred[2] and thus was born after the martyrdom of his father. O thers state thathe was 21 years old[3] so he was born two years before the martyrdom of Imam Ali.

Before Ashura[edit | edit source]

As Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan was from the same tribe as Umm al-Banin, in the evening of Tasu'a he came close to the camp of Imam al-Hussain and addressed 'Abbas and his brothers as nieces and wanted them to abandon Imam al-Hussain in return for a safe-conduct from Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad, but they refused and remained with Imam al-Hussain.

In the Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]

Since the beginning of the movement of Imam Hussain from Medina, Ja'far accompanied him. According to the report of historians, in the evening of the Day of Ashura, Abbas encouraged his brothers Abd Allah, Ja'far, and Uthman to go to the battlefield before him and said, "Proceed, so that I see your sincerity and benevolence on the way of God and His Prophet, since you do not have any children." [4]

So, Ja'far went to the battlefield and fought bravely. Finally, Khawli b. Yazid al-Asbahi threw an arrow at him which hit his temple or his eye[5] and according to another report, Hani b. Thubayt al-Hadrami martyred him.[6] Abul Faraj quotes Imam Mohammad al-Baqir saying, “Khawli Asbahi killed him”. Ibn Shahr Ashob says that Khawli Asbahi shot an arrow that pierced his temple or his eye.

Ja'far b. Ali was mentioned in Ziarat al-Shuhada among martyrs of Karbala.

Source[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 69.
  2. Amīn, Aʿyān al-Shīʿa, vol. 4, p. 149.
  3. Samāwī, Ibṣār al-ʿayn, p. 69.
  4. Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 109.
  5. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib, vol. 4, p. 107
  6. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib, vol. 4, p. 116.