Abd Allah ibn Ali

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Abd Allah ibn Ali
Martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Native nameعبد الله بن علی بن أبی طالب
Full NameAbd Allah ibn Ali
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
TeknonymAbu Muhammad
LineageBanu Hashim
Wellknown RelativesUmm al-Banin (mother), Abbas b. Ali (brother)
Place(s) of ResidenceKufa
Cause of
Martyrdom in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceKarbala, Iraq
ActivitiesParticipating in the Battle of Karbala

Abd Allah ibn Ali one of the martyrs of Karbala, was the son of Imam Ali and Ummul Banin and a brother of Abbas.

His Life[edit | edit source]

The name of Abd Allah ibn Ali has also been mentioned in historical books as Abd Allah al-Akbar and Abd Allah al-Asghar with the teknonym of Abu Muhammad. The name of his mother was Umm al-Banin bt. Hazam.

According to Abu l-Faraj, Abd Allah was martyred at the age of 25; however, some sources have said that he was 8 years younger than his brother Abbas (who was martyred at the age of 34), but he was older than his other brothers. He lived with his father for 6 years and there is no more information about him before the Battle of Ashura.

Martyrdom[edit | edit source]

There is no doubt about his presence in Karbala and his martyrdom, as Ibn Sa'd, Ibn Qutayba, al-Tabari, Abu l-Faraj, al-Khwarazmi, al-Shaykh al-Tusi and others have counted him among the martyrs.[1]

Some mentioned him the first martyr among his brothers. Also, there are reports mentioning that he was martyred after his brother Ja'far.[2]

About the way he was martyred, it is reported that when the companions of Imam al-Hussain and some of the Ahl al-Bayt were martyred, Abbas called Abd Allah and told him: "Go to the battlefield, so that I see your courage and take the pain of [losing] you a cause for my reward, because you do not have any children."

Abd Allah accepted and while he was making a battle cry, attacked the enemy.[3] In the battle with the army of Umar b. Sa'd, Abd Allah b. Ali killed some of them [4]and was finally martyred.

Some sources have mentioned Hani b. Thubayt al-Hadrami as the murderer of Abd Allah ibn Ali. They said that he struck Abd Allah on the head and martyred him.[5] But, another report, mentions Khawli b. Yazid as the murderer of Abd Allah, who shot an arrow at Abd Allah, and then, a man from Banu Tamim from Aban b. Daram martyred him.[6] They have mentioned the age of Abd Allah 25 years old upon his martyrdom. [7]

Abu l-Faraj believes that Abd Allah had no children[8]. But, al-Tabari mentioned a person called Abbas b. Hasan b. Abd Allah b. Ali[9] who was a grandson of Abd Allah ibn Ali.

The name of Abd Allah ibn Ali has been mentioned in the Ziarat al-Nahiya al-Muqaddasa and he has been praised.

Sources[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 3, p. 14; Dīnawarī, al-Maʿārif, p. 88; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-Ṭabarī, vol. 5, p. 153; Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 88; Ṭūsī, al-Rijāl, p. 86.
  2. Ibn Aʿtham, Kitāb al-Futūḥ, vol. 5, p. 207; Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 88; Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 109.
  3. Ibn Aʿtham, Kitāb al-Futūḥ, vol. 5, p. 114; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib, vol. 4, p. 116.
  4. Maḥallātī, Fursān al-hayjāʾ, vol. 5, p. 250.
  5. Balādhurī, Ansāb al-ashrāf, vol. 3, p. 407; Dīnawarī, al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl, p. 257; Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 88; Mufīd, al-Irshād, vol. 2, p. 109; Ṭa
  6. Shajarī, al-Amālī al-khamīsīya, vol. 1, p. 117; Maḥallī, al-Ḥadāʾiq al-wardīyya, vol. 1, p. 120
  7. Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 88; Ṭabrisī, Iʿlām al-warā, vol. 1, p. 395.
  8. Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 88.
  9. Ṭabarī, Tārīkh-i Ṭabarī, vol. 8, p. 235.