Abd al-Rahman b. Abd Rabb al-Ansari al-Khazraji
|Abd al-Rahman b. Abd Rabb al-Ansari al-Khazraji|
|Native name||عبد الرحمن بن عبد رب الأنصاری الخزرجی|
|Companion of||The Prophet, Imam Ali|
|Cause ofDeath/Martyrdom||Martyred in the Battle of Karbala|
|Burial Place||Holy Shrine of Imam al-Hussain, Karbala|
|Activities||Transmitter of Hadith al-Ghadir|
Abd al-Rahman b. Abd Rabb al-Ansari al-Khazraji (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن عبد رب الأنصاری الخزرجی) was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. Abd al-Rahman was among companions of the Prophet and Imam Ali who witnessed the day of Ghadir. He was among transmitters of the al-Ghadir Hadith. On the day of al-Ruhba, he was among those who gave testimony about the Event of Ghadir and Wilayah of Imam Ali in front of people. Based on historical sources, he was martyred during the first attack of the army of Umar b. Sa'd.
Presence in the Event of Ghadir[edit | edit source]
Abd al-Rahman was among companions of the Prophet who witnessed day of Ghadir and transmitted the al-Ghadir Hadith. It is narrated that Imam Ali taught him the Qur'an.
On the day of al-Ruhba, Imam Ali asked those of Companions who had witnessed the day of Ghadir to give testimony about the succession of the Prophet. So some of companions such as Abu Ayyub al-Ansari, Abu 'Umra b. Amr b. Muhsin, Abu Zaynab, Sahl b. Hunayf, Khuzayma b. Thabit, Hubshi b. Junada al-Saluli, Ubayd b. Adhib, Luqman b. 'Ijlan al-Ansari, Thabit b. Wadi'a al-Ansari, Abu Fadala al-Ansari and Abd al-Rahman b. Abd Rabb al-Ansari stood up and said that: "we testify that we heard that the Prophet said, Beware that God, the Almighty and Glorious is my master and I am the master of believers; beware that whoever I am his master, Ali is his master."
Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]
According to some sources, Abd al-Rahman joined the caravan of Imam Hussain from Mecca. It is narrated that on the day of Tasu'a, Burayr b. Khudayr was joking with Abd al-Rahman. Abd al-Rahman told him: "It is not the time of joking now." Burayr answered: "O brother! My relatives know that when I was young, I was not a man of joking, lest I be so in my old ages. But, I know what we meet soon. By God I swear, the distance between us and the big-eyed houris is the attack of these people with their swords, and how much I love it to be now."
References[edit | edit source]
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- Amīnī, ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn al-. Al-Ghadīr fī l-kitāb wa l-sunnat wa l-adab. Qom: Markaz al-Ghadīr li-l-Dirāsāt al-Islāmīyya, 1416 AH.
- Baḥrānī, ʿAbd Allāh al-. ʿAwālim al-ʿumūm wa l-maʿārif. Second edition. Qom: Muʾassisat al-Imām al-Mahdī, 1382 Sh.
- Ibn Ḥajar al-ʿAsqalānī. Al-Iṣāba fī tammyīz al-ṣaḥāba. Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-ʿIlmīyya, 1415 AH.
- Samāwī, Muḥammad al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Ḥusayn (a). Qom: Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Maḥallātī, 1419 AH.
- Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b. Jarīr al-. Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Second edition. Beirut: Dār al-Turāth, 1387 AH.