Abu Bakr b. Ali

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Abu Bakr b. Ali
Martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Native nameأبوبَکر بن عَلیّ بن اَبیطالِب
Full NameAbu Bakr b. Ali
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
TeknonymAbu Bakr
Cause of
Martyred in the Event of Ashura
Burial Placenear the holy grave of Imam al-Hussain in his shrine

Abu Bakr b. Ali was among companions of Imam Hussain who was martyred at the Battle of Karbala. It is stated that Abu Bakr b. Ali was the first of Imam Ali's children who stepped in the battlefield on the Day of Ashura to defend Ahl al-Bayt and his brother, Imam al-Hussain.

Name and Lineage[edit | edit source]

His teknonym was Abu Bakr, but his name is not known. His name is said to be Abd Allah or Ubayd Allah or Muhammad al-Asghar. According to the majority of biographers, his mother was Layla, the daughter of Mas'ud al-Nahshali. Abu Bakr had no children.

In the Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]

It is stated in Manaqib, that Abu Bakr bin Ali stepped into the battlefield reciting the following Rajaz: “My Master Ali is the possessor of numerous excellences, from the progeny of Hashim the gracious, the beneficent, the pre-eminent, this is Hussain the son of the Messenger Prophet, we defend him with our sharpened swords, may my life be your ransom O honorable brother”. There is a hadith from Imam al-Baqir according to which a man from the Hamdan tribe martyred him.[1] However, some scholars hold that Abu Bakr's corpse was found in a creek, and so it is not known who martyred him[2]. According to some sources, his grave is located in the mass grave of Hashimid martyrs in the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Hussain near his burial place.[3]

In Bihar al-Anwar, the name of Abu Bakr b. Ali is mentioned in one of Imam al-Hussain ziyarat.[4]

Source[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 86; Bayhaqī, Lubāb al-ansāb, vol. 1, p. 399.
  2. Iṣfahānī, Maqātil al-ṭālibīyyīn, p. 86.Jump up↑
  3. Bayhaqī, Lubāb al-ansāb, vol. 1, p. 399. Jump up↑
  4. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 98, p. 245