Umar b. Ali

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Umar b. Ali
Martyrs of Karbala.jpg
Native nameعُمَر بن عَلیّ بن اَبی طالِب
Full NameUmar b. al-Imam Ali
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
LineageBanu Hashim
Wellknown RelativesImam Ali(Father)
Place(s) of ResidenceMedina
Death/Martyrdom61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyrdom in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceKarbala, Iraq
ActivitiesParticipating in the Battle of Karbala

Umar b. Ali, known as Umar al-Atraf, was one of the children of Imam Ali who accompanied Imam Hussain to Karbala and was martyred on the day of Ashura.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Some sources have mentioned Umar b. Ali as Umar al-Akbar[1] whose teknonym was Abu l-Qasim[2] or Abu Hafs. There are different reports about the name of his mother. Ibn Sa'd and al-Ya'qubi reported the name of his mother as Sahba (Umm Habib), daughter of Rabi'a al-Taghlibi, Some other sources have mentioned her name as Layla bt. Mas'ud al-Darami.

Al-Fakhr al-Razi mentioned that Umar was the youngest child of Imam Ali.[3]

In the Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]

Ibn Shahr Ashub included his name among martyrs of Karbala.[4] It is reported that he made war cries on the Day of Ashura and attacked the enemy.[5] He attacked Zahr, the killer of his brother and killed him. Al-Khwarazmi reported his martyrdom after the martyrdom of his brother Abu Bakr. It is said that first, his horse fell down and then they martyred him. [6]

Source[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]


  1. Ibn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, vol. 3, p. 14.
  2. Amrī, al-Majdī fī ansāb al-ṭālibīn, p. 7; Ibn ʿAnba, ʿUmdat al-ṭālib, p. 362.
  3. Rāzī, al-Shajarat al-mubāraka, p. 189.
  4. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib, vol 4, p. 107.
  5. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 28-29.
  6. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 28-29.