Nafthat al-maṣdūr fī-mā yatajaddad bih ḥuzn al-ʿāshūr
|Author||Sheykh Abbas Ghomi|
The book Nafthat al-maṣdūr fī-mā yatajaddad bih ḥuzn al-ʿāshūr (Translation: A burning sigh and a sorrowful heart to remember the sorrows of Ashura) (Arabic: نَفْثَةُ المَصْدور فیما یَتَجَدَّدُ بِه حُزنُ الْعاشورا)authored by Sheikh Abbas Qomi, is a short treatise about the martyrdom of Sayyid al-Shuhada, including eleven chapters and an ending. This book, written in Arabic about eight years after Nafas al-mahmūm, can be considered the completion of that book.
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Sheikh Abbas Qomi, known as Mohaddith Qomi (1359-1294 AH), was a great Shia scholar in the 14th century. He left many works, the most famous of which are Mafatih al-Janan and Muntahi al-Amal. The book "Nafthat al-maṣdūr fī-mā yatajaddad bih ḥuzn al-ʿāshūr" is another work of Mohaddith Qomi about Imam Hussain, his family and companions. Sheikh Abbas Qomi was buried in the courtyard of Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib and next to his master Haji Nouri.
About the book[edit | edit source]
Compilation of Nafthat al-maṣdūr fī-mā yatajaddad bih ḥuzn al-ʿāshūr was completed in 1342 AH. This book contains eleven chapters, which briefly describe the characteristics of Imam Hussain's life, provide information about his family and companions, and some consider it to be the completion of the book of Nafas al-mahmūm. The most important part of the book is the 20 pieces of advice that the author gave at the end of the chapters for the praisers of Imam Hussain. In another part of the book, the author mentions a description of Laila Al Harir (one of the nights of the Battle of Siffin), the Battle of Hunayn, the Battle of Khaybar etc., and the bravery of Alī ibn Abī Ṭālib. The book's last chapter is related to a pilgrimage site near Aleppo called "Mashhad al-Siqt" or "Mashhad al-Dakka", which Sheikh Abbas Qomi visited in 1342 AH. This place is attributed to Mohsen bin Hussain bin Ali, and it is said that one of Imam Hussain's wives, who was pregnant, had a miscarriage due to the injuries she suffered during the passage of the caravan of captives. This shrine is a memorial of such an upsetting event that Sheikh Abbas devoted an independent chapter to this shrine and discussed it. This book has been printed many times and translated into Persian several times. Among the translations, we can refer to the translation of Mohammad Baqer Kamreai in the book of "Romoz-e-Shahadat" and Abdorahim Aqiqi Bakshayeshi in the book of "Se Maghtal-e- Kootah Dar Hamase Ashura."
The value and importance of the book[edit | edit source]
The author of the book, Sheikh Abbas Qomi, was one of the great Shia scholars interested in knowing truthful narrators. This characteristic can prove his works' authenticity. In "Nafthat al-maṣdūr fī-mā yatajaddad bih ḥuzn al-ʿāshūr" Qomi used the narrations of famous people such as Allamah Majlesi, Ibn Babawayh, Tavus Yamani, etc. Also, in the book's text, he introduced the sources he used by mentioning the volume and the page of the reference book, which is proof of the author's honesty. In this book, the use of subtitles and the meaning of the words are provided for further explanation, which leads to a better understanding of the text.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- Bakshayeshi, Abdorahim, Se Maghtal-e- Gooya Dar Hamase Ashura, Qom, Navid Islam, 1382 SH
- Mazaheri, Mohsenhessam, Farhang-e- Soog-e- Shiei, (Shia Mourning Culture), Kheymeh Publication, first edition, 1395 SH
- Tavousi-Masrour, Saeed, Farhikhtegan newspaper, 1399 SH
- Islamic Encyclopedia Website
References[edit | edit source]
- Farhang-e- Soog-e- Shiei, (Shia Mourning Culture), Kheymeh Publication, first edition, 1395 SH
- Se Maghtal-e- Gooya Dar Hamase Ashura
- Farhikhtegan newspaper, Tavousi-Masrour, Saeed
- Islamic Encyclopedia Website