Sayyid Mohammad Ali Qazi Tabatabai

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Sayyid Mohammad Ali Qazi Tabatabai
Sayyid Mohammad Ali Qazi Tabatabai.jpg
Native nameسید محمدعلی قاضی طباطبایی
Full NameSayyid Muḥammad Alī Qāḍī Ṭabāṭabāʾī
Well Known AsThe first Martyr from imams of prayer
Place of BirthTabriz, Iran
Cause of
Attacked and Martyred by a member of the Furqan Group
Burial PlaceTabriz, Iran
WorksTahqiq darbara-yi awwal arba'in-i Sayyid al-Shuhada'

Sayyid Muḥammad Alī Qāḍī Ṭabāṭabāʾī (Arabic: سید محمدعلی قاضی طباطبایی) (1979-1913) was a Shiite clergy and the Author of Tahqiq darbara-yi awwal arba'in-i Sayyid al-Shuhada' in which he attempted to prove the returning of Ahl al-Bayt to Karbala in arba'in after the event of Karbala.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Sayyid Muhammad Ali Qadi Tabataba'i was born on April 13, 1913 in Tabriz. He learned the preliminaries of Islamic disciplines from his father (Mirza Baqir) and his uncle (Mirza Asad Allah) who were scholars  in Tabriz. Seyyed Muhammad migrated to Qom in 1940 to study in the Islamic Seminary of Qom. He lived there for 10 years. Then he went to Najaf and and participated in the classes of prominent scholars there and some of them like Aqa Buzurg Tihrani, al-Sayyid 'Abd al-Husayn Sharaf al-Din al-'Amili, Abu l-Qasim al-Khoei  gave him the permission to narrate hadith.

After the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran, he was appointed by Imam Khomeini as the imam of Friday Prayer and his representative in Tabriz in 1979. Qadi Tabataba'i was attacked and martyred by a member of the Furqan Group on a street when he was returning home after holding evening and 'Isha prayers on November 1, 1979. He is known in Iran as the first Martyr from imams of prayer.

Teachers[edit | edit source]

  • Sayyid Baqir Tabatab'i (his father)
  • Mirza Asad Allah (his uncle)
  • Sayyid Shahab al-Din Mar'ashi Najafi
  • Sayyid Muhammad Hujjat
  • Sayyid Sadr al-Din Sadr
  • Sayyid Muhammad Rida Gulpaygani
  • Sayyid Husayn Burujirdi
  • 'Abd al-Husayn Rashti
  • Sayyid Hasan Bujnurdi
  • Al-Sayyid Muhsin al-Hakim
  • Muhammad Husayn Kashif al-Ghita'

Books[edit | edit source]

Source[edit | edit source]