A Study on Imam Hussein`s Movement
|Author||Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Farahi|
The book A Study on Imam Hussein`s Movement deals with the recognition and analysis of Imam Hussain's movement, his personality and the Karbala revolution, and finally it reveals the nature of true Islam.
[edit | edit source]
Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Farahi, born in the year 1333 in Arak, started studying religious sciences from his childhood and studied it seriously for several years in Arak and then in Qom. Acting in the direction of the anti-Islam plans of the English devils, he was arrested and imprisoned in the spring of his youth and spent more than a year under the pressure of various tortures. After his release from prison, due to its consequences and other problems, he did not succeed in continuing his studies as he should and perhaps, and making the necessary use of the available talents and fields, but at the same time that his academic activities were reduced, he increased his social actions and in many cases he gave pious help to the trapped and helpless and helped them in various ways and untied their work as much as he could, which will naturally be a good reserve for his afterlife.
About the book[edit | edit source]
This book written by Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Farahi and translated by Razieh Shivaei is published in Ansariyan Publications First Edition 2016, and has 424 pages.
The present book examines the political and social contexts of Hossein's uprising and searches for causes of this historical event, as well as following up on its effects and consequences.
Abstract of chapters[edit | edit source]
CHAPTER ONE: UMAYYAD AND THE ISSUE OF ISLAMIC CALIPHATE[edit | edit source]
The first and second chapters of this book deal with the preparatory and formative grounds for Imam Hussain's uprising. The first chapter analyzes the bloody uprising of Imam Hussein and the dimensions of the "Islamic Caliphate". The author takes a brief look at the history of Arabia and its people, especially the two families of Hashemite and Umayyad and their positions after Islam and the issue of caliphate, governorship, among them. In the continuation of this part, Islamic caliphate’s relevant factors and consequences are mostly discussed.
CHAPTER TWO: TWO CONTRADICTORY SYSTEMS IN THE ISLAMIC SOCIETY[edit | edit source]
In this chapter, Omayyad method and path are compared with Hashemite method and path and their purposes in the Islamic society is discussed. In addition, their changes throughout the time and their attitudes towards each other is analyzed to clarify the main roots of conflicts such as Karbala event in the world of Islam. Actually, in this chapter, the Islamic society and its process is discussed synchronically.
CHAPTER THREE: DESCRIPTION OF REASONS FOR IMAM HUSSEIN’S UPRISING[edit | edit source]
In the current chapter, two primary issues and two secondary issues are discussed. The two primary issues that clarify the reasons for Hussein's uprising against Yazid) are the Islamic and political differences between Moavieh and Yazid's government and the duty of Jihad considering these two kinds of governments. The two secondary issues are the possibility of superficial victory for Hussein in uprising against Mo'avieh or Yazid's government as well as Hussein's plan about Muslims' duties towards governments and rulers.
CHAPTER FOUR: HOW HUSSEIN'S UPRISING PROVED VICTORIOUS?[edit | edit source]
This chapter and the last one is the conclusion of this book. In the previous chapter, it was discussed that Hussein was certain about the real victory of his movement. The real victory of Jihad is guiding people revolutionarily in the way of defending truth and justice and fighting against violators of truth and justice. Such movement will lead domination of wrongdoers to the edge of decline and save the principles of Islam from danger. In this chapter, the author discusses how Hussein's movement proved victorious and what phases it passed to achieve victory. He believes that two factors were the most important in victory of Hussein's movement. First, Hussein's movement was truthful and justifiable in people's minds in comparison to the anti-Islam government of Yazid. The second one was lack of political experience in Yazid that let him apply an open anti-Islam method.
CHAPTER FIVE: HUSSEIN'S IDEOLOGY[edit | edit source]
At the beginning of chapter four, it was stated that Hussein's movement has two practical and ideological aspects. The practical aspect was fighting against the Omayyad government, encouraging and guiding Muslims revolutionarily to rise up against the Omayyad government and annihilate their kingdom. The ideological aspect that is more important than the practical one refers to lessons people learnt from the Karbala event. Hussein introduced Islam as sacrificing in the way of defending truth and justice and fighting against corrupt and tyrant powers. This teaching is the greatest model of immortality to Muslims and glorious men forever. In the current chapter, the ideological aspect of Hussein's movement is discussed more comprehensively although it was briefly pointed to in the previous chapter.