Wahb b. Wahb

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Wahb b. Wahb
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
Death/Martyrdom61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceHoly Shrine of Imam al-Hussain, Karbala

Wahb b. Wahb (Arabic: وهب بن وهب) or Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Hubab al-Kalbi (Arabic: وهب بن عبدالله بن حباب الکلبی) was among the companions of Imam al-Hussain who was martyred at the Battle of Karbala. Wahb was a young Christian who converted to Islam by the guidance of Imam al-Hussain. He accompanied the Imam in his journey to Karbala and was martyred on the day of Ashura.

He was among those who were listed among martyrs of Karbala by the majority of sources, but there are some disagreements over his lineage. Some writers also doubted that a person called Wahb existed. Some sources only mentioned one person with this name in Karbala. However, more recent studies confirm the existence of the mentioned Wahb as well as another person with a similar name (Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr).

Name and Lineage

Although most sources have mentioned Wahb among martyrs of Karbala, they reported different names or lineages for him, such as:

  • Wahb b. Wahb[1]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Hubab al-Kalbi[2]
  • Wahb b. Janah (Hubab) al-Kalbi[3]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi[4]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah al-Kalbi[5]
  • Wahb b. 'Abd Allah b. Janab al-Kalbi al-Khwarizmi[6]

Some writers identified two different martyrs of Karbala who had the name of Wahb: Wahb b. Wahb and Wahb b. 'Abd Allah al-Kalbi.[7] Other sources consider both names to refer to a single individual.[8]

Theory of Innovation and Mistake

A group of scholars argue that there was no person named Wahb b. Wahb who participated in the battle of 'Karbala,[9] and that his inclusion among the names is an error and innovation. They argue that Wahb b. Wahb is being confused with 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi, one of the martyrs of Karbala that was among the companions of Imam Ali and Imam al-Hussain and was mentioned in Ziyarah al-Shuhada' and Al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya li-l-Imam al-Hussain|al-Ziyarah al-Rajabiyya.[10]

On the other hand, other scholars argue that while similarities may exist between Wahb and 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr, the existence of two separate individuals is still plausible due to several key differences in their narratives. For example, the sources described Wahb as Christian who converted to Islam under the guidance of Imam al-Hussain, while,they describe 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr as one of the oldest companions of Imam al-Hussain (who was never a Christian).[11]

Umm Wahb

Umm Wahb was the daughter of 'Abd from the family of Namir b. Qasit and the wife of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr Kalbi. She was among the martyrs of Karbala. Some sources considered her the mother of Wahb b. Wahb.[12] However, a comparison of reports on the martyrs of Karbala shows that the mother of Wahb was a different person that had no relation with Umm Wahb, daughter of 'Abd Allah.[13]

Martyrdom

It is reported that Wahb went to the battlefield after Burayr b. Khudayr,[14] or Ziyad b. Muhajir al-Kindi[15] and before 'Amr b. Khalid al-Azdi, or Muslim b. 'Awsaja al-Asadi,[16] or Hilal b. al-Hajjaj.[17] There are different reports about his fight. It is said that he returned to his mother and wife in the middle of the fight and asked his mother if she was satisfied with him. His mother responded that she would be satisfied with him when he is killed in the way of Imam al-Hussain.[18] There are also reports about his conversation with his wife .[19]

There are also disagreements about the way Wahb was martyred. [20] It seems that some reports are mixed with the events related to the Martyrdom of 'Abd Allah b. 'Umayr al-Kalbi. Additionally, other reports mentioned that his wife went to the battlefield, grasped his clothes and said , "I will not return until I am killed with you", and Imam al-Hussain returned her to the tent with the promise of receiving good rewards in the hereafter.[21] It is said that Wahb killed twelve foot soldiers and nineteen horsemen of the army of Ibn Sa'd.[22] Then, he was taken captive and beheaded by the order of 'Umar b. Sa'd, who threw his head toward the army of Imam al-Hussain.[23]

In Media

The story of Wahb was shown in the 17th episode of the Mukhtar-nameh TV series. In this episode, Hamid Mirbaqiri played the role of Wahb. Mukhtar-nameh was a TV series directed by Dawud Mirbaqiri and dealt with the life and uprising of al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi after the Event of 'Ashura. It was broadcasted from Channel One of the IRIB in 2010.

References

  1. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161.
  2. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 16.
  3. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 105.
  4. Ibn Aʿtham, al-Futūḥ, vol. 5, p. 104.
  5. Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 101.
  6. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 15.
  7. Majlisī, Biḥār al-anwār, vol. 45, p. 16; vol. 44, p. 320.
  8. Mūsawī Zanjānī, Wasīlat al-dārayn, p. 203.
  9. Maqtal-i jāmiʿ-i Sayyid al-shuhadāʾ, vol. 1, p. 76.
  10. Shūshtarī, Qāmūs al-rijāl, vol. 10, p. 448.
  11. Muḥammadī Riyshahrī, Dānishnāma-yi Imām Ḥusayn, vol. 6, p. 381.
  12. Shams al-Dīn, Yārān-i Ḥusayn (a), p. 112.
  13. Nāẓimzāda-yi Qummī, Aṣḥāb-i Imām Ḥusayn, p. 597.
  14. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 105; Ibn Aʿtham, al-Futūḥ, vol. 5, p. 104; Ibn Shahrāshūb, Manāqib Āl Abī Ṭālib, vol. 4, p. 101.
  15. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161.
  16. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 105.
  17. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161.
  18. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 16; Qummī, Nafas al-mahmūm, p. 258-259.
  19. Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 16.
  20. See: Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161; Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 16.
  21. Ibn Ṭāwūs, al-Luhūf, p. 106.
  22. Qummī, Nafas al-mahmūm, p. 259.
  23. Ṣadūq, al-Amālī, p. 161; Khwārizmī, Maqtal al-Ḥusayn, vol. 2, p. 15.

Bibliography

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