Tasmiya man qutil ma'a l-Husayn

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Tasmiya man qutil ma'a l-Husayn
Tasmiyah man qutil ma'a l-Hussain.jpg
AuthorFazil bin Zubair Bin Amro Kufi
Original titleتَسْمیَةُ مَنْ قُتِلَ مَعَ الحُسَیْن
Series1 Vol
Subjectmartyrs of Karbala
PublisherAhl Al_Bayt

A brief Maqtal named "Tasmīya man Qutil maʿa l-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī ʿalayh al-salām min Wuldih Wa Ikhwatih Wa Ahlih Wa shīʿatih "(Persian: the names of the children, brothers, family and companions of Imam Hussain who were killed with him; Arabic: تَسْمیَةُ مَنْ قُتِلَ مَعَ الحُسَیْن بْن عَلیّ علیه‌السّلام مِنْ وُلْده و إخْوَته و أهْله و شیعَته) was written in Arabic by Fazil bin Rasan Kufi in the second century after Hijrah in which the martyrs of Karbala and in some cases their killers have been introduced.

About the author[edit | edit source]

Fazil bin Zubair Bin Amro Kufi, known as Rasan, is one of the companions and narrators of Imam Baqir and Imam Sadiq. He and his brother Abdullah are among the Shia Muhaddiths who participated in the uprising of Zayd bin Ali, And for this reason, some people have considered him a Zaidiyyah.[1]

About the book[edit | edit source]

In this work, Fazil bin Rassan mentioned 107 martyrs of Karbala, 20 of whom are of Ahl al-Bayt, and the rest are companions. The author's purpose is only to say the names of the martyrs, and he has limited himself to mentioning their names and, in some cases, the names of their killers. However, he has explained Ali Asghar, and at the end of the book, he has also written a short article about the events after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain. Due to the book's shortness, the author did not mention his sources and narrators but presented their documents in the introduction.[2] Maqtal begins with an introduction by the researcher, and the contents are arranged in two parts, martyrs of Ahl al-Bayt and martyrs of companions. Abd-o-Rahim Aqiqi Bakshayeshi has translated this Maqtal into Farsi in a book titled "Se Maghtal-e- Gooya Dar Hamase Ashura."

The value and importance of the book[edit | edit source]

The author is one of the famous people of the first half of the second century of Hijri, who also has dignity, credibility and religious trust, which added to the importance and value of the book.[3] This book, with a small number of pages, contains the names of Ansar and the faithful companions of Aba Abdullah al-Hussain, which has not been collected anywhere else in this way and quality.[4] Fazil mistakenly recorded the names of Imam Hussain's enemies in Karbala among the companions and martyrs (such as Kathir bin Abdullah Shaabi). As a result, the later authors, relying on this book, published its contents and considered the names of some of the Imam's enemies in Ashura as martyrs of Taf. For this reason, the names of some of Ibn Saad's soldiers are recorded among the martyrs of Karbala. Of course, this error may have occurred due to the similarity of the names. Still, this work does not have the necessary validity to be used as an independent source unless other sources confirm it. Apparently, no copy of this book is available, and what is cited is the material that al-Murshid Ballah Yahya bin Hussain (499 AH) narrated from Fazil bin Zubair. In this book, the names of some of the martyrs of Karbala, such as Abdullah and Abdurrahman bin Ezra Ghafari and Barir bin Khazir, are not recorded; on the other hand, the names of some others, whose names are not mentioned in history, especially the history of Karbala, or who lived before or after Karbala, are mentioned among the names of the martyrs of Karbala. Ibn Zubair recorded some names incorrectly. For example, he recorded the name of Ubaidullah bin Abi Khoshkara as one of the murderers of Muslim bin Ausjah. While in the old books, the name of Abd al-Rahman bin Abi Khoshkara is reported among the killers of Ibn Ausjah.[5]

Sources[edit | edit source]

  • Bakshayeshi, Abd-o-Rahim, Se Maghtal-e- Gooya Dar Hamase Ashura, Qom, Navid Islam, 1382 SH
  • Hussaini, Sayyed Mohammad Reza, Tarasana, first year, Muharram, Safar and Rabi al-Awwal 1406 AH
  • Shenakht-e- Sire Masooman (knowing about the lives of Infallibles), Computer Research Center of Noor Islamic Sciences
  • Scientific Research Quarterly Journal of History, Volume 8, Number 30, Spring 1392 SH, Islamic encyclopedia Website

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Hussaini, Sayyed Mohammad Reza, Tarasana, number 2, 1406 AH
  2. Shenakht-e- Sire Masooman (knowing about the lives of Infallibles), Computer Research Center of Noor Islamic Sciences
  3. Islamic encyclopedia
  4. Se Maghtal-e- Gooya Dar Hamase Ashura, p. 17
  5. Scientific Research Quarterly Journal of History, Volume 8, Number 30, Spring 1392 SH