Muthir al-ahzan wa munir subul al-ashjan
|Author||Ibn Nemaye Helli|
|Publisher||Al-Matba'at al-Haydariyya, Najaf, Iraq|
One of the Shii Maqtals written in the seventh Hijri century in Arabic is Muthir al-Ahzan WA Monir Subul al-Ashjan Fi Zek Vaghee Ashura WaA Havadesoha, (Arabic: مثیر الاحزان) by Ibn Nemaye Helli, Ja'far ibn Muhammad (680 Hijri).
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The author of Muthir al-Ahzan va Monir Sabal al-Ahzan, Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Hobbe Allah b. Namay Helli (680 LNY) is from the Imami family and one of the Faqihs and scholars of the time. Besides his scientific level in Fiqh, he used to write poems and mourning poems for glorifying the value of Imams and the calamities they had been through. Another book by Ibn Namay Helli is called Sharh al-Thar Fi Ahval al-Mukhtar. It is also believed that the book " Manhaj al-Shia Fi Fazayel Vasi Khatam al-Sharia is written by him. About the intention behind writing the book, Ibn Namayeh Hellis writes that: "what motivated me to write this book even though several other Maqtals existed, was the fact that while flipping through the pages of the other books in this regard, I realized that some parts of the books presented a verbose, repetitive and lengthy description of this sorrowful event. Meanwhile, some other books did not genuinely picture the events due to their too brief presentations. As a result, I decided to write a Maqtal neither long nor repetitive or brief, in God’s will." 
About the book[edit | edit source]
Being a reliable Maqtal, Muthir al-Ahzan has been noticed by scholars and Shias for many years. Some of the available inscriptions of the book are listed below:
- Corrected by Ali Naqi b. Habib Allah Langroudi Gilani and written by Muhammad Ali Razavi in 1318 LNY/ 1279
- Published in Bombay in 1321 LNY/ 1287 by Muhammad Sadigh Tajer Boushehri
- Published in Bombay in 1326 LNY/ 1287 along with Abu Makhnaf Maqtal and al-Lohouf by Sayyid ibn Tavoos
The Arabic text of Muthir al-Ahzan was published as a single-volume medium octavo in 1406 LNY by a publication called School of al-Imam al-Mahdi in Qom. The last published book related to Muthir al-Ahzan is "Atre Rowzeh" which is a collection of three Maqtals (Lohouf, Irshad, Muthir al-Ahzan). Moreover, Muthir al-Ahzan has been translated to Urdu two times.
Mourning for the commander of Liberty is another translation of this Maqtal by Ali Karami, initially published in 1380. The second edition was published in 1385.
Muthir al-Ahzan's structure is very close to that of Lohouf, which was written before that in the middle of the seventh Hijri century by Ibn Tavoos. Like Lohouf, Muthir al-Ahzan consists of an introduction and three parts (in Lohouf, under the title of Maslak, in Muthir al-Ahzan under the title of Maqsad). Moreover, the content of the parts is quite the same, although they are different in size. Even some critical judgments like the issue of the first Arbaeen, like the content of Lohouf, are mentioned in Muthir al-Ahzan by Ibn Namayeh Helli as well.
َAbstract of Book[edit | edit source]
Muthir al-Ahzan consists of one introduction and three Maqsads (chapters). In the first chapter, the virtues of Ahl al-Bayt, the rewards of mentioning their calamities, and mourning for them are discussed. In the first Maqsad (chapter), the historical events leading to the battle of Karbala, from Imam Hussain's move from Medina to his entrance to Karbala, are talked about. The second Maqsad of the book is about Karbala and Ashura and Imam Hussain's martyrdom events. And finally, the last chapter of the book or the third Maqsad is about the events after Ashura, prisoners' move to Sham, and their return to Medina.
Sources[edit | edit source]
- Abbas Hasan Khani, Ta’sir Tasavof Bar Maqtal Negari Karbala Az Gharn Haft Ta Dahom Hijri Qamari (relied on Muthir al-Ahzan va Monir Sabal al-Ashjan, Al-Lohouf Ali Qatli al-Tofouf, Rawzeh Shuhada) Master's dissertation, history, and Islamic nations' civilization, international university of Imam Khomeini, 1392
- Ali Davani, Ibn Nama and Sayyid Fakhar Musavi, Lessons from Islam School magazine, year 2, number 10, Aban 1339
- Ali Karami, Dar Soug Amir Azadi, Guyatarin Tarikh Karbala, translation of Muthir al-Ahzan by ibn Namayeh Helli. Qom, Hazegh, second edition, 1385
- Muhammad Esfandiary, Historical Bibliography of Imam Hussain (Ketabshenasi Tarikhi Imam Hussain) second edition, Tehran, Arma Publicaitons, 1400
- The center of the great Islamic Encyclopedia, the Great Islamic Encyclopedia, 5th volume
References[edit | edit source]
- Esfandiari, Historical Bibliography of Imam Hussain, P. 56
- Ali Davani, Ibn Nama and Sayyid Fakhar Musavi, p. 43
- The Great Islamic Encyclopedia, under the entry of Ibn Nama, p. 1871
- Ali Karami, Dar Soug Amir Azadi, p. 41
- Atre Rowzeh, a collection of three Maqtals (Lohouf, Irshad and al-Ahzan) by Hadi Pour Ja'far Doost. Tehran: Andisheh Danesh, 1399
- Esfandiari, Historical Bibliography of Imam Hussain, P. 57