Difference between revisions of "Munjih b. Sahm"

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'''Munjih b. Sahm''' (or Munhij) (Arabic: مُنْجِح أو منحج بن سهم) (d. 61/680) was among martyrs of the battle of [[Karbala]]. Munjih was a slave of [[ʿAli b. al-Hussain|Imam al-Sajjad]] who accompanied the caravan of [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam al-Hussain]] to Karbala.  
 
'''Munjih b. Sahm''' (or Munhij) (Arabic: مُنْجِح أو منحج بن سهم) (d. 61/680) was among martyrs of the battle of [[Karbala]]. Munjih was a slave of [[ʿAli b. al-Hussain|Imam al-Sajjad]] who accompanied the caravan of [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam al-Hussain]] to Karbala.  
  
== Biography ==
+
==Biography==
[[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam al-Hussain]] bought mother of Munjih as a slave from Nufil b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib. Then she married another slave called Sahm, the father of Munjih. Imam al-Hussain gave him as a servant to Imam al-Sajjad.<ref>Al-Shīrāzī, ''Dhakhīra al-dārayn'', p.327.</ref>
+
[[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam al-Hussain]] bought the mother of Munjih as a slave from Nufil b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib. She married another slave named Sahm who was Munjih's father. Munhij himself became a servant to Imam al-Sajjad.<ref>Al-Shīrāzī, ''Dhakhīra al-dārayn'', p.327.</ref>
  
 
When Imam al-Hussain left Medina to Mecca with his supporters and his family, Munjih also left Medina with his mother.<ref>Al-Shīrāzī, ''Dhakhīra al-dārayn'', p.327.</ref> Some sources stated that he accompanied the caravan of Imam al-Hussain.<ref>Samāwī, ''ʾIbsār al-ʿayn'', p.96.</ref>
 
When Imam al-Hussain left Medina to Mecca with his supporters and his family, Munjih also left Medina with his mother.<ref>Al-Shīrāzī, ''Dhakhīra al-dārayn'', p.327.</ref> Some sources stated that he accompanied the caravan of Imam al-Hussain.<ref>Samāwī, ''ʾIbsār al-ʿayn'', p.96.</ref>
  
== In the Battle of Karbala ==
+
==In the Battle of Karbala==
Munjih was listed among martyrs of the battle of Karbala on the day [[Ashura]].<ref>Al-Mufīd, ''al-Ikhtiṣāṣ'', p.83; ʾIbn ʾAthīr, ''al-Kāmil'', vol.4, p.93; Ṭabarī, ''Tārīkh al-umam wa al-mulūk'', vol.5, p.469; ʾIbn Saʿd, ''al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā'', p.478. </ref> However, the exact time of his [[martyrdom]] is not known. Ibn Shahr Ashub stated in the first attack of enemies of Imam al-Hussain to his army, ten slaves of Ali b. Abi Talib and Imam al-Hussain were martyred.<ref>ʾIbn shahrāshūb, ''al-manāqib'', vol.4, p.113.</ref> It is said Hassan b. Bakr al-Hanzali martyred Munjih.<ref>Rassān, ''Tasmīya man qutil maʿa al-Hussain ʿalayhi l-salām'', p.152. </ref> The name of Munjih is stated in ziyara al-Shuhada as a martyr of the battle of Karbala.<ref>ʾIbn Mashhādī, ''al-Mazār al-kabīr'', p.491.</ref>
+
Munjih was listed among martyrs of the battle of Karbala on the day [[Ashura]].<ref>Al-Mufīd, ''al-Ikhtiṣāṣ'', p.83; ʾIbn ʾAthīr, ''al-Kāmil'', vol.4, p.93; Ṭabarī, ''Tārīkh al-umam wa al-mulūk'', vol.5, p.469; ʾIbn Saʿd, ''al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā'', p.478. </ref> However, the exact time of his [[martyrdom]] is not specifically known. One possibility is during the first wave of attack by the enemies of Imam al-Hussain, during which  ten slaves of Ali b. Abi Talib and Imam al-Hussain were martyred according to Ibn Shahr Ashub.<ref>ʾIbn shahrāshūb, ''al-manāqib'', vol.4, p.113.</ref> The name of  his murderer was Hassan b. Bakr al-Hanzali.<ref>Rassān, ''Tasmīya man qutil maʿa al-Hussain ʿalayhi l-salām'', p.152. </ref> The name of Munjih is specifically stated in Ziyara al-Shuhada as a martyr in the Battle of Karbala.<ref>ʾIbn Mashhādī, ''al-Mazār al-kabīr'', p.491.</ref>
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist|30em}}
 
{{reflist|30em}}
 
==Bibliography==
 
==Bibliography==
* Husaynī al-Ḥāʾirī al-Shīrāzī, al-Sayyid Abd l-Majīd al-. ''Dhakhīrat al-dārayn fīmā yataʿallaq bimaṣāʾib al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām wa aṣḥābih''. Qom: Nashr-i Zamzam-i Hidāyat.
+
 
* Ibn Athīr, ʿAlī b. Abī l-Karam.''Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh''. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, 1385AH-1965.
+
*Husaynī al-Ḥāʾirī al-Shīrāzī, al-Sayyid Abd l-Majīd al-. ''Dhakhīrat al-dārayn fīmā yataʿallaq bimaṣāʾib al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām wa aṣḥābih''. Qom: Nashr-i Zamzam-i Hidāyat.
* Ibn Mashhādī, Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar.''Al-Mazār al-kabīr''. Edited by Javād Qayyūmī Isfihanī. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī Wābasta bi Jāmiʿi-yi Mudarrisīn-i Hawza ʿIlmiyya Qom, 1419AH.
+
*Ibn Athīr, ʿAlī b. Abī l-Karam.''Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh''. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, 1385AH-1965.
* Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad b. Manīʿ al-Ḥāshimī al-Baṣrī. ''al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā''. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd l-Qādir ʿaṭā. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya,1410AH-1990.
+
*Ibn Mashhādī, Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar.''Al-Mazār al-kabīr''. Edited by Javād Qayyūmī Isfihanī. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī Wābasta bi Jāmiʿi-yi Mudarrisīn-i Hawza ʿIlmiyya Qom, 1419AH.
* Ibn shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī .''al-Manāqib''. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllama. 1379AH.
+
*Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad b. Manīʿ al-Ḥāshimī al-Baṣrī. ''al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā''. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd l-Qādir ʿaṭā. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya,1410AH-1990.
* Shaykh al-Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Nuʿmān al-.''Al-Ikhtiṣāṣ''. Qom: Kungiri-yi Shaykh-i Mufīd, 1413AH.  
+
*Ibn shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī .''al-Manāqib''. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllama. 1379AH.
* Rassān, Fuzayl b. Zubayr al-.''Tasmīyat man qutil maʿa l-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām''. Qom: Nashr-i Āl l-Bayt, 1387AH.
+
*Shaykh al-Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Nuʿmān al-.''Al-Ikhtiṣāṣ''. Qom: Kungiri-yi Shaykh-i Mufīd, 1413AH.
* Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. ''Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām''. Qom: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Mahallātī, 1419AH.
+
*Rassān, Fuzayl b. Zubayr al-.''Tasmīyat man qutil maʿa l-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām''. Qom: Nashr-i Āl l-Bayt, 1387AH.
* Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b.Jarīr al-.''Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk''. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-fazl Ibrāhīm. 2end edition. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1419AH.
+
*Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. ''Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām''. Qom: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Mahallātī, 1419AH.
 +
*Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b.Jarīr al-.''Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk''. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-fazl Ibrāhīm. 2end edition. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1419AH.
 +
 
 
==Source==
 
==Source==
* [http://en.wikishia.net/view/Munjih_b._Sahm WikiShia, An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
+
 
 +
*[http://en.wikishia.net/view/Munjih_b._Sahm WikiShia, An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
 +
 
 
[[Category: Individuals]]
 
[[Category: Individuals]]
 
[[Category: Historical Characters]]
 
[[Category: Historical Characters]]
 
[[Category: Imam Hussain’s Companions]]
 
[[Category: Imam Hussain’s Companions]]
 
[[Category: Martyrs of Karbala ]]
 
[[Category: Martyrs of Karbala ]]

Latest revision as of 19:55, 22 December 2019

Munjih b. Sahm
Full NameMunjih or Munhij b. Sahm
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
Death/MartyrdomDay of Ashura, 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceThe Holy Shrine of Imam al-Hussain

Munjih b. Sahm (or Munhij) (Arabic: مُنْجِح أو منحج بن سهم) (d. 61/680) was among martyrs of the battle of Karbala. Munjih was a slave of Imam al-Sajjad who accompanied the caravan of Imam al-Hussain to Karbala.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Imam al-Hussain bought the mother of Munjih as a slave from Nufil b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib. She married another slave named Sahm who was Munjih's father. Munhij himself became a servant to Imam al-Sajjad.[1]

When Imam al-Hussain left Medina to Mecca with his supporters and his family, Munjih also left Medina with his mother.[2] Some sources stated that he accompanied the caravan of Imam al-Hussain.[3]

In the Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]

Munjih was listed among martyrs of the battle of Karbala on the day Ashura.[4] However, the exact time of his martyrdom is not specifically known. One possibility is during the first wave of attack by the enemies of Imam al-Hussain, during which ten slaves of Ali b. Abi Talib and Imam al-Hussain were martyred according to Ibn Shahr Ashub.[5] The name of his murderer was Hassan b. Bakr al-Hanzali.[6] The name of Munjih is specifically stated in Ziyara al-Shuhada as a martyr in the Battle of Karbala.[7]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Al-Shīrāzī, Dhakhīra al-dārayn, p.327.
  2. Al-Shīrāzī, Dhakhīra al-dārayn, p.327.
  3. Samāwī, ʾIbsār al-ʿayn, p.96.
  4. Al-Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p.83; ʾIbn ʾAthīr, al-Kāmil, vol.4, p.93; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa al-mulūk, vol.5, p.469; ʾIbn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, p.478.
  5. ʾIbn shahrāshūb, al-manāqib, vol.4, p.113.
  6. Rassān, Tasmīya man qutil maʿa al-Hussain ʿalayhi l-salām, p.152.
  7. ʾIbn Mashhādī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p.491.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Husaynī al-Ḥāʾirī al-Shīrāzī, al-Sayyid Abd l-Majīd al-. Dhakhīrat al-dārayn fīmā yataʿallaq bimaṣāʾib al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām wa aṣḥābih. Qom: Nashr-i Zamzam-i Hidāyat.
  • Ibn Athīr, ʿAlī b. Abī l-Karam.Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, 1385AH-1965.
  • Ibn Mashhādī, Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar.Al-Mazār al-kabīr. Edited by Javād Qayyūmī Isfihanī. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī Wābasta bi Jāmiʿi-yi Mudarrisīn-i Hawza ʿIlmiyya Qom, 1419AH.
  • Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad b. Manīʿ al-Ḥāshimī al-Baṣrī. al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd l-Qādir ʿaṭā. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya,1410AH-1990.
  • Ibn shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī .al-Manāqib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllama. 1379AH.
  • Shaykh al-Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Nuʿmān al-.Al-Ikhtiṣāṣ. Qom: Kungiri-yi Shaykh-i Mufīd, 1413AH.
  • Rassān, Fuzayl b. Zubayr al-.Tasmīyat man qutil maʿa l-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām. Qom: Nashr-i Āl l-Bayt, 1387AH.
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām. Qom: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Mahallātī, 1419AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b.Jarīr al-.Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-fazl Ibrāhīm. 2end edition. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1419AH.

Source[edit | edit source]