Difference between revisions of "Uzra b. Qays"

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| Full Name = 'Uzra b. Qays al-Ahmasi  
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| Notable roles = Commander of cavalry of 'Umar b. Sa'd's army in the Battle of Karbala
 
| Notable roles = Commander of cavalry of 'Umar b. Sa'd's army in the Battle of Karbala
 
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| Activities = Taking the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
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| Activities = Taking the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad
 
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''''Uzra b. Qays''' (Arabic: عُزْرَةِ بْن قَیْس) was the commander of the cavalry of [[Omar Ibn Sa’d|'Umar b. Sa'd]]'s army in the Battle of [[Karbala]] and one of the people from [[Kufa]] who wrote letters to Imam [[Hussain ibn Ali|al-Hussain]]. After Imam al-Hussain's [[martyrdom]], he was commissioned by 'Umar b. Sa'd to take the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to [[Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad|'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad]] together with [[Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan]], [[Khawli b. Yazid al-Asbahi|Khawli]], and others.
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'''Uzra b. Qays''' (Arabic: عُزْرَةِ بْن قَیْس) was the commander of the cavalry of [[Omar Ibn Sa’d|Umar b. Sa'd]]'s army in the Battle of [[Karbala]] and one of the people from [[Kufa]] who wrote letters to Imam [[Hussain ibn Ali|al-Hussain]]. After Imam al-Hussain's [[martyrdom]], he was commissioned by Umar b. Sa'd to take the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to [[Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad|Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad]] together with [[Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan]], [[Khawli b. Yazid al-Asbahi|Khawli]], and others.
  
 
==Name and Lineage==
 
==Name and Lineage==
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==In the Periods of Caliphs==
 
==In the Periods of Caliphs==
In the period of the first caliph, Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa, 'Uzra accompanied Khalid b. Walid in battles of Syria. In the period of the second caliph, 'Umar b. al-Khattab, was an agent in Halwan (a border city between Syria and Iraq at that time). And in the period of [[Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan|Mu'awiya]], he testified against Hujr b. 'Adi in the presence of Ziyad b. Abih.
+
In the period of the first caliph, Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa, 'Uzra accompanied Khalid b. Walid in battles of Syria. In the period of the second caliph, 'Umar b. al-Khattab, was an agent in Halwan (a border city between Syria and Iraq at that time). And in the period of [[Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan|Mu'awiya]], he testified against Hujr b. Adi in the presence of Ziyad b. Abih.
  
 
He narrated [[hadith]]s from Khalid b. Walid, and Abu Wa'il narrated hadiths from him.
 
He narrated [[hadith]]s from Khalid b. Walid, and Abu Wa'il narrated hadiths from him.
  
==Battle of 'Ashura==
+
==Battle of Ashura==
 
In the Battle of Karbala, 'Uzra was one of the people of Kufa who wrote letters to Imam al-Hussain, inviting him to Kufa. However, he accompanied 'Umar b. Sa'd in the battle against Imam al-Hussain. When 'Umar b. Sa'd asked 'Uzra to go to Imam al-Hussain and ask him what took him there, he refused to do so because he had written a letter to the Imam.
 
In the Battle of Karbala, 'Uzra was one of the people of Kufa who wrote letters to Imam al-Hussain, inviting him to Kufa. However, he accompanied 'Umar b. Sa'd in the battle against Imam al-Hussain. When 'Umar b. Sa'd asked 'Uzra to go to Imam al-Hussain and ask him what took him there, he refused to do so because he had written a letter to the Imam.
  
On the Day of [[Tasu'a]], [[Abbas B. ʿAli B. Abu Taleb|'Abbas b. 'Ali]] and some companions of Imam al-Hussain, including [[Habib b. Muzahir]] and [[Zuhayr b. al-Qayn al-Bajali|Zuhayr b. Qayn]] went to the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd to ask them for the postponement of the battle to the Day of [[Ashura|'Ashura]]. Habib and Zuhayr started to preach the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. 'Uzra b. Qays told Habib: "you pretend to be a pure person as much as you can". Zuhayr replied: "O 'Uzra, God has made him pure and guided him. O 'Uzra, fear God and be aware that I am a well-wisher for you. O 'Uzra, for the sake of God, do not be a person who helps misguided people kill pure people". 'Uzra said: "O Zuhayr! You were not a [[Shiʿa|Shiite]] (follower) of this household; you were an advocate of 'Uthman b. 'Affan!" Zuhayr replied: "does not my being here show that I am with them now? I swear to God that I never wrote a letter to al-Hussain and never sent a messenger to him…".
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On the Day of [[Tasu'a]], [[Abbas B. ʿAli B. Abu Taleb|Abbas b. Ali]] and some companions of Imam al-Hussain, including [[Habib b. Muzahir]] and [[Zuhayr b. al-Qayn al-Bajali|Zuhayr b. Qayn]] went to the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd to ask them for the postponement of the battle to the Day of [[Ashura|Ashura]]. Habib and Zuhayr started to preach the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. 'Uzra b. Qays told Habib: "you pretend to be a pure person as much as you can". Zuhayr replied: "O 'Uzra, God has made him pure and guided him. O 'Uzra, fear God and be aware that I am a well-wisher for you. O 'Uzra, for the sake of God, do not be a person who helps misguided people kill pure people". 'Uzra said: "O Zuhayr! You were not a [[Shiʿa|Shiite]] (follower) of this household; you were an advocate of 'Uthman b. Affan!" Zuhayr replied: "does not my being here show that I am with them now? I swear to God that I never wrote a letter to al-Hussain and never sent a messenger to him…".
  
==Day of 'Ashura==
+
==Day of Ashura==
On the Day of 'Ashura, 'Umar b. Sa'd appointed 'Uzra as the head of his army's cavalry. On this day, he was so pressured by the few cavalries of Imam al-Hussain's army that he had to ask 'Umar b. Sa'd to send to him some archers.
+
On the Day of Ashura, 'Umar b. Sa'd appointed 'Uzra as the head of his army's cavalry. On this day, he was so pressured by the few cavalries of Imam al-Hussain's army that he had to ask 'Umar b. Sa'd to send to him some archers.
  
After Imam al-Hussain's martyrdom, 'Uzra, Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan, Qays b. Ash'ath al-Kindi and [['Amr b. al-Hajjaj al-Zubaydi|'Amr b. Hajjaj]] were commissioned to take the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad.
+
After Imam al-Hussain's martyrdom, 'Uzra, Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan, Qays b. Ash'ath al-Kindi and [['Amr b. al-Hajjaj al-Zubaydi|Amr b. Hajjaj]] were commissioned to take the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
* [http://en.wikishia.net/view/%27Uzra_b._Qays WikiShia, An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
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*[http://en.wikishia.net/view/%27Uzra_b._Qays WikiShia, An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
 +
 
 
[[category: Individuals]]
 
[[category: Individuals]]
 
[[category: Historical Characters]]
 
[[category: Historical Characters]]
 
[[category: Imam Hussain’s Enemies]]
 
[[category: Imam Hussain’s Enemies]]
 
[[category: Murderers of Imam Hussain's army]]
 
[[category: Murderers of Imam Hussain's army]]

Latest revision as of 16:25, 1 August 2020

Uzra b. Qays
Commander of 'Umar b. Sa'd's army
Full NameUzra b. Qays al-Ahmasi
LineageBanu Duhn
Place of ResidenceKufa
EraBanu Umayya
Notable rolesCommander of cavalry of 'Umar b. Sa'd's army in the Battle of Karbala
ActivitiesTaking the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad

Uzra b. Qays (Arabic: عُزْرَةِ بْن قَیْس) was the commander of the cavalry of Umar b. Sa'd's army in the Battle of Karbala and one of the people from Kufa who wrote letters to Imam al-Hussain. After Imam al-Hussain's martyrdom, he was commissioned by Umar b. Sa'd to take the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad together with Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan, Khawli, and others.

Name and Lineage[edit | edit source]

'Uzra b. Qays b. 'Uzayya al-Ahmasi al-Bajali was from the Banu Duhn tribe. He is mentioned as 'Urwa and 'Uzra. He is known as one of the Prophet Muhammad's sahaba.

In the Periods of Caliphs[edit | edit source]

In the period of the first caliph, Abu Bakr b. Abi Quhafa, 'Uzra accompanied Khalid b. Walid in battles of Syria. In the period of the second caliph, 'Umar b. al-Khattab, was an agent in Halwan (a border city between Syria and Iraq at that time). And in the period of Mu'awiya, he testified against Hujr b. Adi in the presence of Ziyad b. Abih.

He narrated hadiths from Khalid b. Walid, and Abu Wa'il narrated hadiths from him.

Battle of Ashura[edit | edit source]

In the Battle of Karbala, 'Uzra was one of the people of Kufa who wrote letters to Imam al-Hussain, inviting him to Kufa. However, he accompanied 'Umar b. Sa'd in the battle against Imam al-Hussain. When 'Umar b. Sa'd asked 'Uzra to go to Imam al-Hussain and ask him what took him there, he refused to do so because he had written a letter to the Imam.

On the Day of Tasu'a, Abbas b. Ali and some companions of Imam al-Hussain, including Habib b. Muzahir and Zuhayr b. Qayn went to the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd to ask them for the postponement of the battle to the Day of Ashura. Habib and Zuhayr started to preach the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. 'Uzra b. Qays told Habib: "you pretend to be a pure person as much as you can". Zuhayr replied: "O 'Uzra, God has made him pure and guided him. O 'Uzra, fear God and be aware that I am a well-wisher for you. O 'Uzra, for the sake of God, do not be a person who helps misguided people kill pure people". 'Uzra said: "O Zuhayr! You were not a Shiite (follower) of this household; you were an advocate of 'Uthman b. Affan!" Zuhayr replied: "does not my being here show that I am with them now? I swear to God that I never wrote a letter to al-Hussain and never sent a messenger to him…".

Day of Ashura[edit | edit source]

On the Day of Ashura, 'Umar b. Sa'd appointed 'Uzra as the head of his army's cavalry. On this day, he was so pressured by the few cavalries of Imam al-Hussain's army that he had to ask 'Umar b. Sa'd to send to him some archers.

After Imam al-Hussain's martyrdom, 'Uzra, Shimr b. Dhi l-Jawshan, Qays b. Ash'ath al-Kindi and Amr b. Hajjaj were commissioned to take the heads of the martyrs of Karbala to 'Ubayd Allah b. Ziyad.

References[edit | edit source]