Difference between revisions of "Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi"

From Wikihussain
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "{{Infobox companion of Imam (a) | name = <!--default is the page name--> | image = | image size = | caption = Burial place of martyrs of Karbala | Full name = Sa'id b. '...")
 
(Fixed grammar and made changes to improve flow)
 
Line 21: Line 21:
 
  | Students =  
 
  | Students =  
 
  | Works =  
 
  | Works =  
  | Activities = Participating in the Battle of Ashura
+
  | Activities = Participated in the Battle of Ashura
 
}}
 
}}
'''Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi''' (Arabic: سعید بن عبد الله الحنفی) was a companion of [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam al-Hussain]] who was martyred in the Battle of [[Karbala]]. As a prominent Shiite and a nobleman in [[Kufa]], he played a significant role in calling Imam al-Hussain to Kufa. He delivered important Letters of Kufians to Imam al-Hussain. In the last time, he brought [[Muslim b. ʿAqil b. Abi Talib|Muslim b. 'Aqil's]] letter to the Imam and then accompanied Imam from Mecca to [[Karbala]]. His speech at the night before Ashura proved his love for [[Ahl Al-Bayt|Ahl al-Bayt]] and support of Imam al-Hussain.
+
'''Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi''' (Arabic: سعید بن عبد الله الحنفی) was a companion of [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam al-Hussain]] who was martyred in the Battle of [[Karbala]]. As a prominent Shiite and a nobleman in [[Kufa]], he played a significant role in calling Imam al-Hussain to Kufa. He delivered several important letters of the Kufans to Imam al-Hussain. The final letter he delivered was [[Muslim b. ʿAqil b. Abi Talib|Muslim b. 'Aqil's]] letter to the Imam. From that point he accompanied the Imam from Mecca to [[Karbala]]. Sa'id is also remembered for his speech on the night before Ashura in which he proved his love for the [[Ahl Al-Bayt|Ahl al-Bayt]] and support of Imam al-Hussain.
 
==Lineage==
 
==Lineage==
He was from the Banu Hanifa b. Lajim tribe, a clan of Banu Bakr b. Wa'il from the 'Adnan tribe. He was a famous nobleman of Kufa and he was well-known for his courage and piety. On some accounts, his name was Sa'd.
+
Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi was from the Banu Hanifa b. Lajim tribe, a clan of Banu Bakr b. Wa'il from the 'Adnan tribe. He was one of Kufa's famous nobleman of Kufa that was well-known for his courage and piety. In some accounts, his name was Sa'd.
 
==Accompanying Imam al-Hussain==
 
==Accompanying Imam al-Hussain==
===Delivering the Last Letter of Kufis===
+
===Delivering the Last Letter of Kufans===
After death of [[Mu'awiya|Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan]], [[Shiʿa|Shiites]] of Kufa wrote several letters to Imam al-Hussain and called him to Kufa. The third letter was sent by Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi and [[Haniʾ b. ʿUrwa al-Muradi|Hani b. Hani al-Sabi'i]].
+
After the death of [[Mu'awiya|Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan]], the [[Shiʿa|Shiites]] of Kufa wrote several letters to Imam al-Hussain and invited him to their city. The third letter was delivered by Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi and [[Haniʾ b. ʿUrwa al-Muradi|Hani b. Hani al-Sabi'i]]. It was was written by [[Shabath b. Rib'i]], [[Hajjar b. Abjar|Hajjar b. Abjar]], Yazid b. al-Harith al-Shaybani, Yazid b. Harith, Yazid b. Ruwaym, 'Uzra b. Qays, [['Amr b. al-Hajjaj al-Zubaydi|'Amr b. Hajjaj]] and Muhammad b. 'Umayr. On some accounts, Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah was commissioned to deliver the letter to the Imam because he was so well-reputed that he could convince the Imam to come to Kufa.
  
The third letter was written by [[Shabath b. Rib'i]], [[Hajjar b. Abjar|Hajjar b. Abjar]], Yazid b. al-Harith al-Shaybani|Yazid b. Harith, Yazid b. Ruwaym, 'Uzra b. Qays, [['Amr b. al-Hajjaj al-Zubaydi|'Amr b. Hajjaj]] and Muhammad b. 'Umayr. On some accounts, Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah was commissioned to deliver the letter to the Imam because he was so well-reputed that he could convince the Imam to come to Kufa.
+
The letter began as such,<blockquote>In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful. To Hussain b. Ali from the Shiite Muslims. Please come sooner because the people are waiting for you and their hearts are with you. Please hurry. Peace be upon you. Every place is green, fruits are ripe, and water wells are full. Please come; your army is ready, and peace be upon you.</blockquote>Imam al-Hussain wrote a reply to this letter and Sa'id delivered it to people of Kufa. The Imam appointed Muslim b. 'Aqil as his representative in Kufa. When Muslim entered Kufa, he stayed in [[al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi]]'s house and delivered a speech for people. I 'Abis b. Abi Shabib al-Shakiri and Habib b. Muzahir also gave speeches in this assembly. Then Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi gave a speech and swore that he was resolved to helping Imam al-Hussain. Muslim b. 'Aqil  gave Sa'id the responsibility to call Imam al-Hussain to Kufa. Sa'id returned to Mecca and delivered Muslim b. 'Aqil's letter to the Imam. He accompanied Imam al-Hussain from Mecca to Karbala.
 
 
Here is the beginning of the letter:
 
 
 
In the name of God the compassionate, the merciful. To Hussain b. Ali from Shiite Muslims. Please come sooner because people are waiting for you and their hearts are with you. Please haste. Peace be upon you. Every place is green, fruits are ripe, and water wells are full. Please come; your army is ready and peace be upon you.
 
 
 
Imam al-Hussain wrote a reply to this letter and Sa'id delivered it to people of Kufa. The Imam appointed Muslim b. 'Aqil as his representative in Kufa. When Muslim entered Kufa, he resided in [[al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi]]'s house and delivered a speech for people. In the assembly, 'Abis b. Abi Shabib al-Shakiri and then Habib b. Muzahir gave speeches as well, and then Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi gave a speech and swore that he was resolved to helping Imam al-Hussain. In this assembly, Muslim b. 'Aqil  gave Sa'id the commission to call Imam al-Hussain to Kufa. Sa'id returned to Mecca and delivered Muslim b. 'Aqil's letter to the Imam. He accompanied Imam al-Hussain from Mecca to Karbala.
 
 
===In Karbala===
 
===In Karbala===
Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah gave an epical speech on the night before Ashura when Imam al-Hussain called all his companions to gather behind the camps and gave a speech and asked them to take the hands of their friends and escape the land in the darkness of the night. The Imam said: "these people are after me, so there is nothing for you to be concerned about, and I will forgive you all".
+
On the night before Ashura, Imam al-Hussain called all his companions to gather behind the camp and gave a speech, asking them to take the hands of their friends and escape the land in the darkness of the night. The Imam said, "these people are after me, so there is nothing for you to be concerned about, and I will forgive you all".
 
 
Sa'id was one of the companions who stood up and replied to the Imam as follows:
 
  
O, the son of the Prophet! I swear to God that we never stop helping you so that God knows that we have obeyed the Prophet's will about his progeny. I swear to God that if I am killed and then be alive again, and then my corpse is burned 70 times and my ashes are gone by the wind, I will never give up on you. May I be sacrificed for you.
+
Sa'id was one of the companions who stood up and replied to the Imam,<blockquote>O, the son of the Prophet! I swear to God that we will never stop helping you so that God knows that we have obeyed the Prophet's will about his progeny. I swear to God that if I am killed and then restored to life, and my corpse is burned 70 times and my ashes are scattered by the wind, I will never give up on you. May I be sacrificed for you.</blockquote>
  
 
===Martyrdom===
 
===Martyrdom===
On some accounts, after the noon prayer on the Day of Ashura, Sa'id went to Imam al-Hussain and asked for his permission to go to the battlefield. He went to the battlefield while chanting paeans. He killed and injured many people in the enemy's army and was then martyred. On another account, Sa'id was martyred after the noon prayer. When Imam al-Hussain was saying the prayers at noon, the enemy's army approached the Imam. Sa'id was guarding him by shielding himself against arrows thrown to the Imam and other prayer performers. He was hit by arrows in his face, chest, sides and, hands. When he fell down and was dying, he prayed as follows:
+
According to some accounts, Sa'id went to Imam al-Hussain after the noon prayer on the day of Ashura and asked for his permission to go to the battlefield. He went to the battlefield while chanting paeans and inflicted many casualties on the enemy's army before becoming martyred.
  
O, God! As you have cursed people of 'Ad and Thamud, curse these people [that is, the army of Kufa]. O, God! Send my regards to your prophet and inform him of pains and injuries I have suffered in my body, since I have helped your prophet to achieve your rewards.
+
A different account states that Sa'id was martyred after the noon prayer while protecting the Imam. When Imam al-Hussain was reciting the noon prayer, the enemy's army approached him. Sa'id guarding him by making himself a shield against the arrows thrown at the Imam and the other companions performing prayers. He was hit by arrows in his face, chest, sides, and hands. When he fell down and was dying, he made the following prayer,<blockquote>O, God! As you have cursed the people of 'Ad and Thamud, curse these people [that is, the army of Kufa]. O, God! Send my regards to your prophet and inform him of pains and injuries I have suffered in my body, since I have helped your prophet to achieve your rewards.</blockquote>It is said that Sa'id then turned to Imam al-Hussain, and said to him,<blockquote>O the son of the Prophet! Have I fulfilled my pledge?</blockquote>The Imam responded,<blockquote>Yes, you are in the heaven in front of me. </blockquote>It is said that when he was martyred, there were 13 arrows on his body in addition to injuries by swords and spears.
  
It is said that Sa'id turned to Imam al-Hussain then, and said to him: "O the son of the Prophet! Have I fulfilled my pledge?" The Imam said: "Yes, you are in the heaven in front of me". It is said that when he was martyred, there were 13 arrows on his body, in addition to injuries by swords and spears.
+
==Source==
  
==Source==
+
*[http://en.wikishia.net/view/Sa%27id_b._%27Abd_Allah_al-Hanafi An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
* [http://en.wikishia.net/view/Sa%27id_b._%27Abd_Allah_al-Hanafi An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
 
  
 
[[Category: Individuals]]
 
[[Category: Individuals]]

Latest revision as of 19:11, 22 December 2019

Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi
Full NameSa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
LineageBanu Hanifa b. Lajim tribe
Place(s) of ResidenceKufa
Death/Martyrdom61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceHoly Shrine of Imam al-Hussain, Karbala, Iraq
ActivitiesParticipated in the Battle of Ashura

Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi (Arabic: سعید بن عبد الله الحنفی) was a companion of Imam al-Hussain who was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. As a prominent Shiite and a nobleman in Kufa, he played a significant role in calling Imam al-Hussain to Kufa. He delivered several important letters of the Kufans to Imam al-Hussain. The final letter he delivered was Muslim b. 'Aqil's letter to the Imam. From that point he accompanied the Imam from Mecca to Karbala. Sa'id is also remembered for his speech on the night before Ashura in which he proved his love for the Ahl al-Bayt and support of Imam al-Hussain.

Lineage[edit | edit source]

Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi was from the Banu Hanifa b. Lajim tribe, a clan of Banu Bakr b. Wa'il from the 'Adnan tribe. He was one of Kufa's famous nobleman of Kufa that was well-known for his courage and piety. In some accounts, his name was Sa'd.

Accompanying Imam al-Hussain[edit | edit source]

Delivering the Last Letter of Kufans[edit | edit source]

After the death of Mu'awiya b. Abi Sufyan, the Shiites of Kufa wrote several letters to Imam al-Hussain and invited him to their city. The third letter was delivered by Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi and Hani b. Hani al-Sabi'i. It was was written by Shabath b. Rib'i, Hajjar b. Abjar, Yazid b. al-Harith al-Shaybani, Yazid b. Harith, Yazid b. Ruwaym, 'Uzra b. Qays, 'Amr b. Hajjaj and Muhammad b. 'Umayr. On some accounts, Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah was commissioned to deliver the letter to the Imam because he was so well-reputed that he could convince the Imam to come to Kufa.

The letter began as such,

In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful. To Hussain b. Ali from the Shiite Muslims. Please come sooner because the people are waiting for you and their hearts are with you. Please hurry. Peace be upon you. Every place is green, fruits are ripe, and water wells are full. Please come; your army is ready, and peace be upon you.

Imam al-Hussain wrote a reply to this letter and Sa'id delivered it to people of Kufa. The Imam appointed Muslim b. 'Aqil as his representative in Kufa. When Muslim entered Kufa, he stayed in al-Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's house and delivered a speech for people. I 'Abis b. Abi Shabib al-Shakiri and Habib b. Muzahir also gave speeches in this assembly. Then Sa'id b. 'Abd Allah al-Hanafi gave a speech and swore that he was resolved to helping Imam al-Hussain. Muslim b. 'Aqil gave Sa'id the responsibility to call Imam al-Hussain to Kufa. Sa'id returned to Mecca and delivered Muslim b. 'Aqil's letter to the Imam. He accompanied Imam al-Hussain from Mecca to Karbala.

In Karbala[edit | edit source]

On the night before Ashura, Imam al-Hussain called all his companions to gather behind the camp and gave a speech, asking them to take the hands of their friends and escape the land in the darkness of the night. The Imam said, "these people are after me, so there is nothing for you to be concerned about, and I will forgive you all".

Sa'id was one of the companions who stood up and replied to the Imam,

O, the son of the Prophet! I swear to God that we will never stop helping you so that God knows that we have obeyed the Prophet's will about his progeny. I swear to God that if I am killed and then restored to life, and my corpse is burned 70 times and my ashes are scattered by the wind, I will never give up on you. May I be sacrificed for you.

Martyrdom[edit | edit source]

According to some accounts, Sa'id went to Imam al-Hussain after the noon prayer on the day of Ashura and asked for his permission to go to the battlefield. He went to the battlefield while chanting paeans and inflicted many casualties on the enemy's army before becoming martyred.

A different account states that Sa'id was martyred after the noon prayer while protecting the Imam. When Imam al-Hussain was reciting the noon prayer, the enemy's army approached him. Sa'id guarding him by making himself a shield against the arrows thrown at the Imam and the other companions performing prayers. He was hit by arrows in his face, chest, sides, and hands. When he fell down and was dying, he made the following prayer,

O, God! As you have cursed the people of 'Ad and Thamud, curse these people [that is, the army of Kufa]. O, God! Send my regards to your prophet and inform him of pains and injuries I have suffered in my body, since I have helped your prophet to achieve your rewards.

It is said that Sa'id then turned to Imam al-Hussain, and said to him,

O the son of the Prophet! Have I fulfilled my pledge?

The Imam responded,

Yes, you are in the heaven in front of me.

It is said that when he was martyred, there were 13 arrows on his body in addition to injuries by swords and spears.

Source[edit | edit source]