Difference between revisions of "Sa'd b. al-Harth al-Ansari"

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'''Sa'd b. al-Harth al-Ansari''' (Arabic:سَعد بن الحَرث (الحارِث) الأنصاری) ([[martyrdom]] 61/680) was martyred in the Battle of [[Karbala]]. On the day of [[Ashura]], Sa'd was in the army of [[Omar Ibn Sa’d|'Umar b. Sa'd]], when he heard [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam Hussian]]'s call of help. He then turned against the Army of [[Kufa]] and began to defend Imam Hussain.
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'''Sa'd b. al-Harth al-Ansari''' (Arabic:سَعد بن الحَرث (الحارِث) الأنصاری) ([[martyrdom]] 61/680) was martyred in the Battle of [[Karbala]]. On the day of [[Ashura]], Sa'd was in the army of [[Omar Ibn Sa’d|'Umar b. Sa'd]], when he heard [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam Hussian]]'s call of help. He then changed his allegiance and began to defend Imam Hussain.
  
 
==Battle of Karbala==
 
==Battle of Karbala==
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===Helping Imam Hussain===
 
===Helping Imam Hussain===
The turning point of Sa'd's story occurred in the afternoon of [[Ashura]]. When all companions of Imam were martyred and the army of Kufa had besieged Imam, Hussain called: "O, Isn't there any helper to help us? O Isn't there any defender to defend the family of the [[Prophet Muhammad|Prophet]]?" Women and children of the tents of Imam Hussain heard the call of Imam and began crying.
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Sa'd's transformation happened during the afternoon of [[Ashura]]. After all the companions of Imam were martyred, Imam Hussain called, "Oh, isn't there any helper to help us? Oh, isn't there any defender to defend the family of the [[Prophet Muhammad|Prophet]]?" Women and children in the tents of Imam Hussain heard the call of Imam and began crying.
  
Hearing cries over the tents of women and children, Sa'd and his brother, Abu l-Hutuf, shouted the slogan of Khawarij: "No rule, but God's and no obedience to the one who has disobeyed Him" and then declared that "Hussain was son of the daughter of the Prophet, the intercession of whom for ourselves we wish on the Day of Judgment; so, how can we fight him while he is in such a state and has no helper and alone in the desert of Karbala, he asks for help?"  
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When Sa'd and his brother, Abu l-Hutuf, heart the cries of the woman and children,  they shouted the slogan of Khawarij, "No rule, but God's and no obedience to the one who has disobeyed Him", and then declared that "Hussain was son of the daughter of the Prophet, the intercession of whom for ourselves we wish on the Day of Judgment. How can we fight him while he is in such a state, has no helper, and stands alone in the desert of Karbala, asking for help?"  
  
Turning against the Army of Kufa, they unsheathed their swords and attacked the army of [[Umayyad|Umayyads]] and killed many of them until they were martyred in the same place.
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They turned against 'Umar b. Sa'd's army and unsheathed their swords. Sa'd and his brother killed many soldiers until they too were martyred.
  
 
However, another source narrates the story in a slightly different manner. It is said that after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and when they heard cries of women, they attacked the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd and were martyred.
 
However, another source narrates the story in a slightly different manner. It is said that after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and when they heard cries of women, they attacked the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd and were martyred.
  
 
==Debates Over the Authenticity of the Report==
 
==Debates Over the Authenticity of the Report==
Muhaqqiq Shushtari raised doubts about the authenticity of this report. In his view, given the negative attitude of Khawarij about helping governments and also the famous slogan of "No rule, but God's", it is improbable that they have helped Imam Hussain.
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Muhaqqiq Shushtari raised doubts about the authenticity of this report. In his view, given the negative attitude of Khawarij about helping governments as well as the famous slogan of "No rule, but God's", it is improbable that they have helped Imam Hussain.
  
On the contrary, some argue that probably they were forced to accompany the army of Kufa. However, witnessing the cruelty of the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd toward the family of the Prophet and how Imam and his family were oppressed turned their hearts toward Imam Hussain like [[Horr B. Yazid al-Riahi al-Yarbuʾi al-Tamimi|Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi]].
+
In contrast, some argue that they were probably forced to accompany the army of Kufa. However, witnessing the cruelty of the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd toward the family of the Prophet and the oppression of the Imam and his family turned their hearts toward Imam Hussain, similar to [[Horr B. Yazid al-Riahi al-Yarbuʾi al-Tamimi|Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi]].
 
   
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 19:36, 30 December 2019

Sa'd b. al-Harth al-Ansari
Full NameSa'd b. Harath (Harith) b. Salama al-Ansari al-'Ajlani al-Kufi
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
LineageKhazraj
Wellknown RelativesAbu l-Hutuf b. al-Harth al-Ansari (brother)
Place(s) of ResidenceKufa
Death/Martyrdom61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceKarbala
ActivitiesBeing one of Khawarij and participating in the Battle of Nahrawan

Sa'd b. al-Harth al-Ansari (Arabic:سَعد بن الحَرث (الحارِث) الأنصاری) (martyrdom 61/680) was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. On the day of Ashura, Sa'd was in the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd, when he heard Imam Hussian's call of help. He then changed his allegiance and began to defend Imam Hussain.

Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]

In the Army of Kufa[edit | edit source]

Sa'd was born into a family from Khazraj tribe. It is reported that Sa'd and his brother, Abu al-Hutuf b. al-Harth al-Ansari, were among the Khawarij in Battle of Nahrawan and had come from Kufa with the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd to fight with Imam Hussain.

Helping Imam Hussain[edit | edit source]

Sa'd's transformation happened during the afternoon of Ashura. After all the companions of Imam were martyred, Imam Hussain called, "Oh, isn't there any helper to help us? Oh, isn't there any defender to defend the family of the Prophet?" Women and children in the tents of Imam Hussain heard the call of Imam and began crying.

When Sa'd and his brother, Abu l-Hutuf, heart the cries of the woman and children, they shouted the slogan of Khawarij, "No rule, but God's and no obedience to the one who has disobeyed Him", and then declared that "Hussain was son of the daughter of the Prophet, the intercession of whom for ourselves we wish on the Day of Judgment. How can we fight him while he is in such a state, has no helper, and stands alone in the desert of Karbala, asking for help?"

They turned against 'Umar b. Sa'd's army and unsheathed their swords. Sa'd and his brother killed many soldiers until they too were martyred.

However, another source narrates the story in a slightly different manner. It is said that after the martyrdom of Imam Hussain and when they heard cries of women, they attacked the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd and were martyred.

Debates Over the Authenticity of the Report[edit | edit source]

Muhaqqiq Shushtari raised doubts about the authenticity of this report. In his view, given the negative attitude of Khawarij about helping governments as well as the famous slogan of "No rule, but God's", it is improbable that they have helped Imam Hussain.

In contrast, some argue that they were probably forced to accompany the army of Kufa. However, witnessing the cruelty of the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd toward the family of the Prophet and the oppression of the Imam and his family turned their hearts toward Imam Hussain, similar to Hurr b. Yazid al-Riyahi.

References[edit | edit source]