Munjih b. Sahm

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Munjih b. Sahm
Full NameMunjih or Munhij b. Sahm
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
Death/MartyrdomDay of Ashura, 61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceThe Holy Shrine of Imam al-Hussain

Munjih b. Sahm (or Munhij) (Arabic: مُنْجِح أو منحج بن سهم) (d. 61/680) was among martyrs of the battle of Karbala. Munjih was a slave of Imam al-Sajjad who accompanied the caravan of Imam al-Hussain to Karbala.

Biography[edit | edit source]

Imam al-Hussain bought the mother of Munjih as a slave from Nufil b. Harith b. 'Abd al-Muttalib. She married another slave named Sahm who was Munjih's father. Munhij himself became a servant to Imam al-Sajjad.[1]

When Imam al-Hussain left Medina to Mecca with his supporters and his family, Munjih also left Medina with his mother.[2] Some sources stated that he accompanied the caravan of Imam al-Hussain.[3]

In the Battle of Karbala[edit | edit source]

Munjih was listed among martyrs of the battle of Karbala on the day Ashura.[4] However, the exact time of his martyrdom is not specifically known. One possibility is during the first wave of attack by the enemies of Imam al-Hussain, during which ten slaves of Ali b. Abi Talib and Imam al-Hussain were martyred according to Ibn Shahr Ashub.[5] The name of his murderer was Hassan b. Bakr al-Hanzali.[6] The name of Munjih is specifically stated in Ziyara al-Shuhada as a martyr in the Battle of Karbala.[7]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Al-Shīrāzī, Dhakhīra al-dārayn, p.327.
  2. Al-Shīrāzī, Dhakhīra al-dārayn, p.327.
  3. Samāwī, ʾIbsār al-ʿayn, p.96.
  4. Al-Mufīd, al-Ikhtiṣāṣ, p.83; ʾIbn ʾAthīr, al-Kāmil, vol.4, p.93; Ṭabarī, Tārīkh al-umam wa al-mulūk, vol.5, p.469; ʾIbn Saʿd, al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā, p.478.
  5. ʾIbn shahrāshūb, al-manāqib, vol.4, p.113.
  6. Rassān, Tasmīya man qutil maʿa al-Hussain ʿalayhi l-salām, p.152.
  7. ʾIbn Mashhādī, al-Mazār al-kabīr, p.491.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Husaynī al-Ḥāʾirī al-Shīrāzī, al-Sayyid Abd l-Majīd al-. Dhakhīrat al-dārayn fīmā yataʿallaq bimaṣāʾib al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām wa aṣḥābih. Qom: Nashr-i Zamzam-i Hidāyat.
  • Ibn Athīr, ʿAlī b. Abī l-Karam.Al-Kāmil fī al-tārīkh. Beirut: Dār al-Ṣādir, 1385AH-1965.
  • Ibn Mashhādī, Muḥammad b. Jaʿfar.Al-Mazār al-kabīr. Edited by Javād Qayyūmī Isfihanī. Qom: Daftar-i Intishārāt-i Islāmī Wābasta bi Jāmiʿi-yi Mudarrisīn-i Hawza ʿIlmiyya Qom, 1419AH.
  • Ibn Saʿd, Muḥammad b. Manīʿ al-Ḥāshimī al-Baṣrī. al-Ṭabaqāt al-kubrā. Edited by Muḥammad ʿAbd l-Qādir ʿaṭā. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-ʿIlmiyya,1410AH-1990.
  • Ibn shahrāshūb, Muḥammad b. ʿAlī .al-Manāqib. Qom: Nashr-i ʿAllama. 1379AH.
  • Shaykh al-Mufīd, Muḥammad b. Nuʿmān al-.Al-Ikhtiṣāṣ. Qom: Kungiri-yi Shaykh-i Mufīd, 1413AH.
  • Rassān, Fuzayl b. Zubayr al-.Tasmīyat man qutil maʿa l-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām. Qom: Nashr-i Āl l-Bayt, 1387AH.
  • Samāwī, Muḥammad b. Ṭāhir al-. Ibṣār al-ʿayn fī anṣār al-Husayn ʿalayhi al-salām. Qom: Intishārāt-i Dānishgāh-i Shahīd Mahallātī, 1419AH.
  • Ṭabarī, Muḥammad b.Jarīr al-.Tārīkh al-umam wa l-mulūk. Edited by Muḥammad Abu l-fazl Ibrāhīm. 2end edition. Beirut: Dar al-Turāth, 1419AH.

Source[edit | edit source]