Amr b. Qaraza

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Amr b. Qaraza
Full Name'Amr b. Qaraza b. Ka'b al-Khazraji al-Ansari al-Kufi
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
Religious AffiliationShi'a
LineageKhazraj
Wellknown RelativesQaraza b. Ka'b (father)
Death/Martyrdom61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceHoly Shrine of Imam al-Hussain, Karbala
ActivitiesIt is reported that in the Day of 'Ashura, he stood in front of Imam al-Hussain as a shield and received every arrow shot at the Imam

'Amr b. Qaraza (Arabic: عَمرو بن قَرَظَة) (martyrdom 61/680) was one of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala. His father was a prominent companion of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Ali. Although Amr joined Imam Hussain's army, his brother fought for 'Umar b. Sa'd's side.

Lineage

His father, Qaraza b. Ka'b was a transmitter of hadiths. As a companion of the Prophet, Qaraza b. Ka'b fought in the Battle of Uhud and other subsequent battles. During the rule of Imam Ali, he was appointed as the governor of Kufa. He also fought on the side of Imam Ali in several battles.

In Karbala

Before the day of Ashura, Imam Hussain asked 'Amr b. Qaraza to deliver a message to 'Umar b. Sa'd to meet each other at night.

Reports state that 'Amr stood in front of Imam Hussain as a shield from oncoming arrows. Before dying, he asked Imam, "Did I fulfill my promise?" The Imam answered: "Yes, you are in front of me in the paradise. Send my greetings to the Prophet."

In Ziyarah al-Shuhada', he is mentioned by name, when it says,

Peace be upon 'Amr b. Qaraza al-Ansari

Brother

'Amr's brother, named Ali (other sources name him as Zubayr), fought for the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. When 'Amr was martyred, his brother addressed Imam Hussain,

O liar! You deceived and fooled my brother and killed him!

The Imam responded,

God did not deceive your brother; but, He guided him and deceived you.

His brother shouted back,

May God kill me if I don't kill you!

He then attacked the Imam, but Nafi' b. Hilal hit him with a spear and he fell on the ground. Some of Ibn Ziyad's forces then took him out of the battlefield.

References