Difference between revisions of "Amr b. Qaraza"

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  | Activities = It is reported that in the Day of 'Ashura, he stood in front of Imam al-Hussain as a shield and received every arrow shot at the Imam
 
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''' 'Amr b. Qaraza''' (Arabic: عَمرو بن قَرَظَة) (martyrdom 61/680) was martyred in the Battle of [[Karbala]]. His father was a prominent companion of [[Prophet Muhammad]] and [[ʿAli ibn Abi Talib|Imam Ali]]. Although Amr joined [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam Hussain]]'s army, his brother fought for [[Omar Ibn Sa’d|'Umar b. Sa'd]] army.
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''' 'Amr b. Qaraza''' (Arabic: عَمرو بن قَرَظَة) (martyrdom 61/680) was one of the martyrs of  the Battle of [[Karbala]]. His father was a prominent companion of [[Prophet Muhammad]] and [[ʿAli ibn Abi Talib|Imam Ali]]. Although Amr joined [[Hussain ibn Ali|Imam Hussain]]'s army, his brother fought for [[Omar Ibn Sa’d|'Umar b. Sa'd's]] side.
  
== Lineage ==
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==Lineage==
His father, Qaraza b. Ka'b was a transmitter of [[hadith]]s. As a companion of the Prophet, Qaraza b. Ka'b fought in the Battle of Uhud and other battles after it. During the rule of Imam Ali, he was appointed as the governor of [[Kufa]] and participated in the army of Imam Ali in battles.
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His father, Qaraza b. Ka'b was a transmitter of [[hadith]]s. As a companion of the Prophet, Qaraza b. Ka'b fought in the Battle of Uhud and other subsequent battles. During the rule of Imam Ali, he was appointed as the governor of [[Kufa]]. He also fought on the side of Imam Ali in several battles.
  
== In Karbala ==
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==In Karbala==
Before Day of [[Ashura]], Imam Hussain asked 'Amr b. Qaraza to deliver a message to 'Umar b. Sa'd in order to meet each other at night.
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Before the day of [[Ashura]], Imam Hussain asked 'Amr b. Qaraza to deliver a message to 'Umar b. Sa'd to meet each other at night.
  
According to ''al-Luhuf'', on the day of 'Ashura, Imam Hussain gave 'Amr permission to go to the battlefield. Also, it is reported that he stood in front of Imam Hussain as a shield and received every arrow thrown at Imam so that he would receive no harm. Before dying, he asked Imam: "did I fulfill my promise?" Imam answered: "Yes, you are in front of me in the paradise. Send my greetings to the Prophet."
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Reports state that 'Amr stood in front of Imam Hussain as a shield from oncoming arrows. Before dying, he asked Imam, "Did I fulfill my promise?" The Imam answered: "Yes, you are in front of me in the paradise. Send my greetings to the Prophet."
  
In the [[Ziyarah al-Shuhada']], his name is mentioned, "Peace be upon 'Amr b. Qaraza al-Ansari."
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In [[Ziyarah al-Shuhada']], he is mentioned by name, when it says,<blockquote>Peace be upon 'Amr b. Qaraza al-Ansari</blockquote>
  
=== Brother ===
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===Brother===
'Amr's brother, named Ali (or Zubayr), fought for the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. When 'Amr was martyred, he addressed Imam Hussain and said: "O liar! You deceived and fooled my brother and killed my brother!" Imam answered: "God did not deceive your brother; but, He guided him and deceived you." He said: "May God kill me if I don't kill you!" He then attacked Imam, but Nafi' b. Hilal hit him by a spear and he fell on the ground and his friends took him out of the battlefield.
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'Amr's brother, named Ali (other sources name him as Zubayr), fought for the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. When 'Amr was martyred, his brother addressed Imam Hussain,<blockquote>O liar! You deceived and fooled my brother and killed him!</blockquote>The Imam responded,<blockquote>God did not deceive your brother; but, He guided him and deceived you.</blockquote>His brother shouted back,<blockquote>May God kill me if I don't kill you!</blockquote>He then attacked the Imam, but Nafi' b. Hilal hit him with a spear and he fell on the ground. Some of Ibn Ziyad's forces then took him out of the battlefield.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
* [http://en.wikishia.net/view/%27Amr_b._Qaraza WikiShia, An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
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*[http://en.wikishia.net/view/%27Amr_b._Qaraza WikiShia, An online encyclopedia of the school of Ahl al-Bayt]
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[[Category: Individuals]]
 
[[Category: Individuals]]
 
[[Category:Historical Characters]]
 
[[Category:Historical Characters]]
 
[[Category: Imam Hussain’s Companions]]
 
[[Category: Imam Hussain’s Companions]]
 
[[Category:Martyrs of Karbala]]
 
[[Category:Martyrs of Karbala]]

Revision as of 20:48, 25 December 2019

Amr b. Qaraza
Full Name'Amr b. Qaraza b. Ka'b al-Khazraji al-Ansari al-Kufi
Companion ofImam al-Hussain
Religious AffiliationShi'a
LineageKhazraj
Wellknown RelativesQaraza b. Ka'b (father)
Death/Martyrdom61/680
Cause of
Death/Martyrdom
Martyred in the Battle of Karbala
Burial PlaceHoly Shrine of Imam al-Hussain, Karbala
ActivitiesIt is reported that in the Day of 'Ashura, he stood in front of Imam al-Hussain as a shield and received every arrow shot at the Imam

'Amr b. Qaraza (Arabic: عَمرو بن قَرَظَة) (martyrdom 61/680) was one of the martyrs of the Battle of Karbala. His father was a prominent companion of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Ali. Although Amr joined Imam Hussain's army, his brother fought for 'Umar b. Sa'd's side.

Lineage

His father, Qaraza b. Ka'b was a transmitter of hadiths. As a companion of the Prophet, Qaraza b. Ka'b fought in the Battle of Uhud and other subsequent battles. During the rule of Imam Ali, he was appointed as the governor of Kufa. He also fought on the side of Imam Ali in several battles.

In Karbala

Before the day of Ashura, Imam Hussain asked 'Amr b. Qaraza to deliver a message to 'Umar b. Sa'd to meet each other at night.

Reports state that 'Amr stood in front of Imam Hussain as a shield from oncoming arrows. Before dying, he asked Imam, "Did I fulfill my promise?" The Imam answered: "Yes, you are in front of me in the paradise. Send my greetings to the Prophet."

In Ziyarah al-Shuhada', he is mentioned by name, when it says,

Peace be upon 'Amr b. Qaraza al-Ansari

Brother

'Amr's brother, named Ali (other sources name him as Zubayr), fought for the army of 'Umar b. Sa'd. When 'Amr was martyred, his brother addressed Imam Hussain,

O liar! You deceived and fooled my brother and killed him!

The Imam responded,

God did not deceive your brother; but, He guided him and deceived you.

His brother shouted back,

May God kill me if I don't kill you!

He then attacked the Imam, but Nafi' b. Hilal hit him with a spear and he fell on the ground. Some of Ibn Ziyad's forces then took him out of the battlefield.

References